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Lupus: Everything You Need to Know, Part 2

In the first part of the article, we discussed information useful for those who want to know more about lupus and suspect this issue in themselves or their close ones.

Treatment of Lupus:

The treatment of lupus should be comprehensive and includes medications that suppress the activity of the immune system. The approach to treatment should be individualized based on the severity of the disease, the organs affected, and the overall condition of the patient. The treatment usually consists of:

  • Prescription medications: anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, and immunomodulatory drugs.
  • Prevention and management of complications, including monitoring the condition of the heart, kidneys, lungs, and other organs affected by lupus.
  • Avoiding Triggers:
    • Sunlight: Using high SPF sunscreens can be helpful in preventing flare-ups.
    • Infections: Patients should avoid contact with infectious individuals, maintain hygiene, and seek medical attention if signs of infection appear.
    • Emotional stress: Strong emotions and stress can worsen lupus symptoms. Patients are recommended to focus on stress management, engage in relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation.
    • Overexposure to extreme temperatures: Prolonged exposure to cold or heat should be avoided.
    • Moderate physical exercises can help reduce fatigue, strengthen muscles, and support overall health.
    • Balanced nutrition rich in fruits, vegetables, healthy fats, and proteins can maintain overall health and reduce inflammation. Some lupus patients may have issues with certain foods, such as gluten or casein.
    • Additional intake of vitamins and minerals, especially if there is a deficiency of certain nutrients: vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, magnesium, zinc, iron.
    • Stress management and relaxation practices are beneficial since stress can worsen lupus symptoms.
    • Sufficient rest and sleep are crucial for maintaining health and the immune system.

Natural and Pharmaceutical Triggers of Lupus Flares:

Natural remedies, like pharmaceutical medications, can impact the condition of lupus patients. Some of them contain active substances or properties that may worsen symptoms or trigger disease flare-ups.

  • Garlic: Garlic contains allicin, which can enhance the immune response and inflammation.
  • Echinacea: Echinacea has immunomodulatory properties and can activate the immune system.
  • Red meat: Some studies associate red meat consumption with increased inflammation in lupus patients.
  • Certain plants and herbs: Some plants and herbs may contain active compounds that can affect the immune system or trigger allergic reactions in some patients. The specific combinations of herbs can vary case by case.
  • Specific foods: Certain foods such as nuts, dairy products, or gluten may cause allergic reactions or flare-ups in some people with lupus.

Alternative Therapies that can Improve Lupus Condition:

During a lupus flare-up, medical management is essential. However, there are several therapies that can improve the condition and prolong remission:

  • Heat therapy: Heat can help relieve tension and reduce muscle and joint pain. Some patients find relief from pain using heating pads or warm compresses.
  • Natural supplements: Some natural supplements, such as fish oil, turmeric, and vitamin D, may have anti-inflammatory properties and be beneficial for lupus health.
  • Ozone therapy for lupus: Ozone therapy can have potential positive effects for lupus patients, including:
    • Anti-inflammatory action: Ozone therapy can reduce inflammatory reactions in the body, which may help decrease lupus flare-ups and symptoms.
    • Antioxidant protection: Ozone is a potent antioxidant that helps protect the body’s cells from damage caused by free radicals, which can exacerbate inflammation and harm tissues.
    • Improved blood circulation: Ozone therapy can promote better blood flow and tissue oxygenation, supporting tissue recovery and functionality.
    • Immunomodulation: Ozone therapy may influence the immune system function by reducing the activity of uncontrolled immune reactions characteristic of autoimmune diseases, including lupus.

Diet for Lupus:

  • Gluten-Free Diet: Some SLE patients may experience symptom relief and reduced inflammation by excluding gluten-containing foods from their diet. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye.
  • Anti-inflammatory Foods: Including foods with anti-inflammatory properties can be beneficial. These include omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil, flaxseed oil, nuts, and chia seeds. It is also helpful to consume vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidants, such as berries, citrus fruits, spinach, and cabbage.
  • Avoiding Harmful Foods: Some foods may contribute to inflammation or worsen lupus symptoms in certain patients. This includes high-calorie and processed foods, as well as those high in sugar and saturated fats. It is also essential to pay attention to potential allergens that may exacerbate health conditions.

A Few Interesting Facts About Lupus:

  • Diverse Symptoms: Lupus is often called the “great imitator” because its symptoms can mimic various other diseases, making diagnosis challenging.
  • Mystical Connection to the Moon: Lupus got its name due to the belief that symptoms worsen during a full moon, like in wolves. This comparison was first made in the Middle Ages.
  • Enigma of the Cause: The exact causes of lupus remain not fully understood, but it is believed that genetic predisposition, environmental influences, and hormonal changes may play a role in its development.
  • “Sunlight Treatment”: Some lupus patients experience symptom improvement in sunlight or with artificial ultraviolet exposure. This phenomenon is called “sunlight treatment.”
  • Rare in Men: Lupus is more common in women, especially during reproductive age. However, it can affect individuals of any age and gender.
  • Fear of Diagnosis: Many lupus patients face long periods before receiving an accurate diagnosis due to the complexity of diagnosis and the variety of symptoms.
  • Seeking Treatment Path: Patients with lupus, especially in severe cases, may require multiple visits to doctors and specialists to determine the optimal treatment.
  • Medications and Digestive Issues: Medications for lupus treatment can cause side effects that may also affect digestion and nutrient absorption.
  • Support and Community: Online communities and support organizations provide information, resources, and support for lupus patients and their loved ones. Many well-known personalities, including singer Selena Gomez and actress Celine Dion, have lupus diagnoses, drawing attention to lupus and providing financial support to these communities.


One of the challenges of living with lupus is that a person with lupus often appears completely healthy from the perspective of those around them. However, a range of symptoms may still occur even during comprehensive treatment.

Lupus is a chronic condition, and symptoms may change over time. This requires a comprehensive approach to diagnosis and treatment. During acute phases of lupus, observation by rheumatologists and other specialists is necessary. During periods of remission, a person can lead a full life, but they must adhere to certain restrictions. It is essential to seek medical help promptly if you suspect lupus or experience similar symptoms. Early detection and management of this condition can help reduce the risk of complications and improve the quality of life for patients.